Hazem M. Nour Afify
Architectural Department, Menoufia University / Egypt
In High-Rise building type, glass curtain wall facade is an inherent characteristic of this type.
The skyscraper attained the status of a symbolic building form representing progress in
science, economic and technological power. The rapid takeover of this type at the beginning
of the 1990s from the United States and putting it in Arab countries like Egypt, Saudi Arabia,
United Arab Emirates, …without any consideration of the environmental conditions or
cultural background resulted in a series of problems especially in energy consumption, indoor
environment, visual comfort and running/maintenance costs. That pushes scientist and
designers towards new technical solutions in the High Raise building type.
The aims of the research is to define potential practical benefits of applying the double skin
façade (DSF) in high rise building type in Arab region and to analyze its concept, types and
construction. Second is to establish (factors) criteria that help the designer to choose the
appropriate type and its system of construction due to the project conditions.
The paper begins with studies the concept of the Double-skin facades, its advantage and its
different types, which it based on the type of ventilation, the partitioning of the façade and the
ventilation mode. Then the paper analyses the construction types and forms of double skin
façades. As a result the paper summaries the basic steps to design and made a criteria for
choosing double skin façades in Arab region. The paper ended with analyzed example of
High rise Building in Kuwait, 2004.