1 department of architecture, university of Batna, Algeria
2 department of earth science, university of Batna, Algeria
The Arabian – Moslem cities were based in dry zones with warm and dry climates and are
characterized by a long and austere warm season. It is for that reason that buildings were
conceived according to summer requirements. Those of winter will be satisfied as a
The comfort of the users was assured with a sensible combination of several passive
strategies of thermal control, which are the result of a deepened knowledge of climatic
conditions. These strategies so passed on by the ancestors were resumed by the contemporary
researchers who improved them on scientific bases to supply the best conditions of life.
The culture of the Means – East and North Africa left an inheritance that shows through its
architecture a harmonious balance. From climatic point of view, constructions supply an
education on the different techniques of architectural conception, which adapt themselves to
the local climate and which, consequently, create a comfortable environment, as well in the
urban scale as on the scale of the cell.