Early 2008 an ambitious plan was launched to realize roads and car parks under Amsterdam historic city centre, called AMFORA (Alternative Multifunctional Underground Space Amsterdam). This is a plan by Strukton and Zwarts & Jansma. This infrastructural plan solves parking problems and contains facilities for sports, leisure and recreation.The proposal for a city under the city of Amsterdam is to construct a network of 60-meter-deep (195ft) underground tunnels to provide up to 6m square meters of new space in the crowded historic center.
moving cities talked with professor Moshe Zwarts from Zwarts & Jansma Architects about his proposals for an underground city in Amsterdam, a plan floating in-between futurism and necessity, the challenges involved in construction and culture, the state of the city, Amsterdam’s ambition to make it to the UNESCO World Heritage List and the possible future of the plan.
Right after leaving the Amsterdam ring road A10 all car traffic will be directed below street level. Residents and visitors will reach the city centre underground. Spread out at regular intervals over the multi-storey tunnel system one finds cinemas, supermarkets, swimming pools and other sport facilities, keeping the underground city alive. Good design creates comfortable and inviting spaces where it is pleasant to spend time.
AMFORA is CO2-neutral. Heat pumps provide the energy for heating and cooling.Excess energy could be used for temperature control in the buildings aboveground. Moreover, the Amsterdam air will improve: exhaust fumes will be filtered using state-of-the-art technology, particulate matter and other harmful substances will therefore no longer reach the atmosphere.The plan is being discussed intensely in Amsterdam. The city authorities have already signaled interest.