HYDRAULIC MODELING OF THE LIQUID FLOW PATTERN IN A BENCH-SCALE UASB REACTOR

للكاتب

S. Bayoumi

Environmental Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering,

Zagazig University, Egypt.

Abstract

All bioreactor configurations are affected by mixing and transport phenomena and consequently

the bioreactor’s hydraulics governs the reactor’s configurations as well as performance. For

instance, to provide good conditions for substrate transport to, and from, the microbial

aggregates, an even mixing pattern at the macro-level is desirable. However, the available data

that either describe UASB flow regime or relate process performance to mixing characteristics

are not that much.

The global objective of this paper is to determine the liquid flow model of UASB via a tracer

study to characterize the overall flow behavior in this reactor. In particular, a tracer study has

been utilized in this study to figure out the flow pattern in the UASB reactor and to determine the

difference between theoretical and actual hydraulic retention time. The specific objectives of the

present work have been reached through four steps; namely: (1) UASB bench-scale model setup,

(2) tracer experimental study, (3) results statistical analysis to determine the reactor dispersion

and actual retention time, and (4) selection of the model that can be used to describe the

investigated reactor. Among the main findings of the present study is that the CSTR model with

some degree of short-circuiting, dead zones and bypassing flows seems to describe the overall

hydrodynamics of UASBs. Also, the mean residence times were 87.68%, 80.35%, and 72.66% of

the theoretical hydraulic retention times 6, 8, and 10 hours, respectively.

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